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Boundaries of semantic distraction: Dominance and lexicality act at retrieval
University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK; University of Gävle, Sweden.
Cardiff Metropolitan University, Wales, UK.
Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. University of Gävle, Sweden. (Linneaus Centre HEAD)
Cardiff University, Wales, UK.
2014 (English)In: Memory & Cognition, ISSN 0090-502X, E-ISSN 1532-5946, Vol. 42, no 8, 1285-1301 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Three experiments investigated memory for semantic information with the goal of determining boundary conditions for the manifestation of semantic auditory distraction. Irrelevant speech disrupted the free recall of semantic category- exemplars to an equal degree regardless of whether the speech coincided with presentation or test phases of the task (Experiment 1), and this occurred regardless of whether it comprised random words or coherent sentences (Experiment 2). The effects of background speech were greater when the irrelevant speech was semantically related to the to-be-remembered material, but only when the irrelevant words were high in output dominance (Experiment 3). The implications of these findings in relation to the processing of task material and the processing of background speech are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2014. Vol. 42, no 8, 1285-1301 p.
Keyword [en]
Semantic auditory distraction; Selective attention; Interference-by-process; Semantic category clustering
National Category
Other Social Sciences Psychology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-112626DOI: 10.3758/s13421-014-0438-6ISI: 000344354500007PubMedID: 24993544OAI: diva2:769447
Available from: 2014-12-08 Created: 2014-12-05 Last updated: 2014-12-12Bibliographically approved

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