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Polytraumatization in an adult national sample and its association with psychological distress and self-esteem
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in Central Östergötland, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in Linköping. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. (Trauma gruppen)
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Linnaeus Univ, Dept Psychol, SE-35195 Vaxjo, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Clinical Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in Central Östergötland, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in Linköping.
2015 (English)In: Brain and Behavior, ISSN 2162-3279, E-ISSN 2162-3279, Vol. 5, no 1, 62-74 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AbstractObjective

The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence of self-reported experiences of potential childhood traumas and polytraumatization, and to find cut-off values for different kinds of potential traumatic events in a national representative sample of adults in Sweden. In addition, to analyse the association between polytraumatization and both psychological distress and global self-esteem.

Method

A web-based survey - containing SCL-25 and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and Linköping Difficult Life Events Scale - Adult - was sent out to a nationally reprative sample and 5062 people chose to participate in the study.

Results

Results showed that almost everyone (97%) has experienced at least one potential traumatic event and that polytraumatization (the 10% of the participants with most reported traumas) was significantly (Z = 12.57, P < 0.001, r = 0.18) associated with psychological distress and global self-esteem. Gender differences were significant (Z = 8.44, P < 0.001, r = 0.12), in that men experience more noninterpersonal traumas but women report more symptoms. The effect sizes regarding the impact of potential trauma on self-esteem were largest for women with experience of polytraumatization in the age group 18–25 (r = 0.48). There was almost linear increase in psychological distress and linear decrease in self-esteem with increasing number of traumatic events experienced.

Conclusion

Experience of polytrauma can be considered an important factor to take into account in psychiatric settings as well.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2015. Vol. 5, no 1, 62-74 p.
Keyword [en]
Adults, anxiety, depression, polytraumatization, self-esteem
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-112751DOI: 10.1002/brb3.298ISI: 000349034700007PubMedID: 25722950OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-112751DiVA: diva2:771312
Available from: 2014-12-12 Created: 2014-12-12 Last updated: 2017-12-05

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Nilsson, DorisDahlström, ÖrjanSvedin, Carl Göran

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