Synergistic post-antibiotic effect of amikacin and beta-lactam antibiotics on Enterococcus faecalis.
1991 (English)In: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, ISSN 0305-7453, E-ISSN 1460-2091, Vol. 27, 9-14 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The in-vitro post-antibiotic effect (PAE) of amikacin alone and in combination with ceftazidime, ceftriaxone and piperacillin was studied for two strains of Enterococcus faecalis using a bioluminescent assay of bacterial ATP. The two strains of E. faecalis were resistant to amikacin, ceftazidime and ceftriaxone but sensitive to piperacillin. The bacterial cultures were incubated with the beta-lactam antibiotics for 1 h and concentrations of amikacin between 2-64 mg/l were then added. Thereafter, incubation continued with the combinations for one more hour. After dilution, regrowth was monitored by measuring bacterial ATP every hour. Increasing concentrations of amikacin (2-64 mg/l), ceftazidime (8-32 mg/l) and ceftriaxone (32-128 mg/l) resulted in little or no PAE (0-0.3 h) on these strains. PAEs of 0.5 to 1.6 h resulted from exposure to piperacillin (4-32 mg/l). In combination amikacin and piperacillin increased the PAE to 5.5 h. A synergistic PAE was also seen when the enterococci were exposed to amikacin combined with ceftazidime or ceftriaxone in concentrations close to the MICs of the latter antibiotics.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 1991. Vol. 27, 9-14 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-112429DOI: 10.1093/jac/27.suppl_C.9PubMedID: 1906865OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-112429DiVA: diva2:777491