Polarization Imaging of Emissive Charge Transfer States in Polymer/Fullerene Blends
2014 (English)In: Chemistry of Materials, ISSN 0897-4756, E-ISSN 1520-5002, Vol. 26, no 23, 6695-6704 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Photoexcitation of conjugated polymerfullerene blends results in population of a local charge transfer (CT) state at the interface between the two materials. The competition between recombination and dissociation of this interfacial state limits the generation of fully separated free charges. Therefore, a detailed understanding of the CT states is critical for building a comprehensive picture of the organic solar cells operation. We applied a new fluorescence microscopy method called two-dimensional polarization imaging to gain insight into the orientation of the transition dipole moments of the CT states, and the associated excitation energy transfer processes in TQ1:PCBM blend films. The polymer phase was oriented mechanically to relate the polymer dipole moment orientation to that of the CT states. CT state formation was observed to be much faster than energy transfer in the polymer phase. However, after being formed an emissive CT state does not exchange excitation energy with other CT states, suggesting that they are spatially and/or energetically isolated. We found that the quantum yield of the CT emission is smaller for CT states spatially located in the highly oriented polymer domains, which is interpreted as the result of enhanced CT state dissociation in highly ordered structures.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society , 2014. Vol. 26, no 23, 6695-6704 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-113498DOI: 10.1021/cm502503fISI: 000346326300005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-113498DiVA: diva2:781938
Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council; Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation; Crafoordska Stiftelsen; Linnaeus Grant; Wallenberg foundation2015-01-192015-01-192015-01-19