C-C Stretching Raman Spectra and Stabilities of Hydrocarbon Molecules in Natural Gas Hydrates: A Quantum Chemical Study
2014 (English)In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, ISSN 1089-5639, E-ISSN 1520-5215, Vol. 118, no 49, 11641-11651 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The presence of specific hydrocarbon gas molecules in various types of water cavities in natural gas hydrates (NGHs) are governed by the relative stabilities of these encapsulated guest molecule-water cavity combinations. Using molecular quantum chemical dispersion-corrected hybrid density functional computations, the interaction (Delta E(host-)guest) and cohesive energies (Delta E-coh), enthalpies, and Gibbs free energies for the complexes of host water cages and hydrocarbon guest molecules are calculated at the pi B97X-D/6-311++G(2d,2p) level of theory. The zero-point energy effect of ?Ehost-guest and ?Ecoh is found to be quite substantial. The energetically optimal host-guest combinations for seven hydrocarbon gas molecules (CH4, C2H6, C3H6, C3H8, C4H8, i-C4H10, and n-C4H10) and various water cavities (D, ID, T, P, H, and I) in NGHs are found to be CH4@D, C2H6@T, C3H6@T, C3H8@T, C4H8@T/P/H, i-C4H10@H, and n-C4H10@H, as the largest cohesive energy magnitudes will be obtained with these host-guest combinations. The stabilities of various water cavities enclosing hydrocarbon molecules are evaluated from the computed cohesive Gibbs free energies: CH4 prefers to be trapped in a ID cage; C2H6 prefer T cages; C3H6 and C3H8 prefer T and H cages; C4H8 and i-C4H10 prefer H cages; and n-C4H10 prefer I cages. The vibrational frequencies and Raman intensities of the C-C stretching vibrational modes for these seven hydrocarbon molecules enclosed in each water cavity are computed. A blue shift results after the guest molecule is trapped from gas phase into various water cages due to the host-guest interactions between the water cage and hydrocarbon molecule. The frequency shifts to the red as the radius of water cages increases. The model calculations support the view that C-C stretching vibrations of hydrocarbon molecules in the water cavities can be used as a tool to identify the types of crystal phases and guest molecules in NGHs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society , 2014. Vol. 118, no 49, 11641-11651 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-113497DOI: 10.1021/jp510118pISI: 000346320800021PubMedID: 25406092OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-113497DiVA: diva2:781941
Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council (VR); Swedish supercomputer center (NSC); State Scholarship Fund of China Scholarship Council 2015-01-192015-01-192015-03-09