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Associations between performance of activities of daily living and everyday technology use among older adults with mild stage Alzheimers disease or mild cognitive impairment
Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life.
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2015 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 22, no 1, 33-42 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The use of everyday technology (ET) is important for many activities in daily life (ADL) and can be especially challenging for older adults with cognitive impairments. Objective: The aim was to explore associations between ADL performance and perceived ability to use ET among older adults with mild stage Alzheimers disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). ADL motor and process ability, and ability to use ET were also compared between the groups. Methods: Participants with AD (n = 39) and MCI (n = 28) were included. Associations and group differences were explored with nonparametric statistics. Results: Significant correlations were found between ADL process ability and ET use in both groups (R-s = 0.44 and 0.32, p less than 0.05), but for ADL motor ability and ET use, correlations were only found in the MCI group (R-s = 0.51, p less than 0.01). The MCI group had significantly higher measures of ADL process ability (p less than 0.001) and ET use (p less than 0.05). Conclusion: ADL performance ability and perceived ability to use ET are important to consider in evaluations of older adults with cognitive impairments. Group differences indicate that measures of ADL performance ability and ET use are sensitive enough to discriminate the MCI group from the AD group with individually overlapping measures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare , 2015. Vol. 22, no 1, 33-42 p.
Keyword [en]
occupational therapy; dementia; cognitive impairments; assessments of functional ability; ADL
National Category
Sociology Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-113737DOI: 10.3109/11038128.2014.964307ISI: 000346705800004PubMedID: 25328102OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-113737DiVA: diva2:784584
Note

Funding Agencies|Health Care Science Postgraduate School; Strategic Research Program in Care Sciences (SFO-V) at Karolinska Institutet; Swedish Brain-power; Stockholm County Council

Available from: 2015-01-30 Created: 2015-01-29 Last updated: 2017-12-05

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Öhman, Annika

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