Retrospective analysis of chronic injuries in recreational and competitive surfers: injury, location, type and mechanism
2014 (English)In: International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education, ISSN 1932-9253, Vol. 8, no 3, 277-287 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Only two studies have reported on chronic musculoskeletal surfing injuries. They found over half of the injuries were non-musculoskeletal, but did not consider mechanisms of injury. This study identified the location, type, and mechanisms of chronic injury in Australian recreational and competitive surfers using a cross-sectional retrospective observational design. A total of 1,348 participants (91.3% males, 43.1% competitive surfers) reported 1,068 chronic injuries, 883 of which were classified as major. Lower back (23.2%), shoulder (22.4%), and knee (12.1%) regions had the most chronic injuries. Competitive surfers had significantly (p < .05) more lower back, ankle/foot, and head/face injuries than recreational surfers. Injuries were mostly musculoskeletal with only 7.8% being of non-musculoskeletal origin. Prolonged paddling was the highest frequency (21.1%) for mechanism of injury followed by turning maneuvers (14.8%). The study results contribute to the limited research on chronic surfing injuries.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 8, no 3, 277-287 p.
surfing, aquatic risk management, injuries, water safety
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-113859DOI: 10.1123/ijare.2013-0032OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-113859DiVA: diva2:785168