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Phenomenology as research approach in medical education. Characteristics and empirical examples
Karolinska Institutet.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Studies in Adult, Popular and Higher Education. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
2010 (English)Conference paper, Presentation (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Background: In contemporary educational research learning is not necessarily determined by outcomes measured by scales or prefabricated instruments. Student learning is rather looked upon as a process where individuals learn in relation to what is meaningful to him or her (Marton & Booth). This implies that the students’ perception of their learning environment is of importance for the researcher. Phenomenology is a research approach focusing on how individuals experience their environment and thus, suitable for such investigations.

Summary of work: The empirical phenomenological approach has been investigated regarding its aim and procedures. Elements of this approach will be presented illustrated by a recent study.

Summary of results: Phenomenology has characteristic core elements that the researcher must acknowledge.

Conclusions: Husserl’s phenomenological philosophy constitutes an excellent base for a research approach that aims at taking a subjects standpoint as a foundation for the research. A medical education researcher can be overwhelmed by philosophical literature, but contemporary psychologists have worked out empirical methods making the philosophy feasible to carry out in practice.

Take-home messages: Empirical phenomenology is a research methodology highlighting individuals’ experiences, adapted from Husserl’s philosophical method. There are guidelines that break down the approach into practical procedures that make the approach possible to carry through in a medical education context.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
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URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-113884OAI: diva2:785353
The Association for Medical Education in Europe, AMEE
Available from: 2015-02-02 Created: 2015-02-02 Last updated: 2015-02-15

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Edelbring, SamuelDahlgren, Lars Owe
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Studies in Adult, Popular and Higher EducationFaculty of Educational Sciences

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