Pain and mean absorbed dose to the pubic bone after radiotherapy among gynecological cancer survivors.
2011 (English)In: International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics, ISSN 1879-355X, Vol. 80, no 4, 1171-1180 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
PURPOSE: To analyze the relationship between mean absorbed dose to the pubic bone after pelvic radiotherapy for gynecological cancer and occurrence of pubic bone pain among long-term survivors.
METHODS AND MATERIALS: In an unselected, population-based study, we identified 823 long-term gynecological cancer survivors treated with pelvic radiotherapy during 1991-2003. For comparison, we used a non-radiation-treated control population of 478 matched women from the Swedish Population Register. Pain, intensity of pain, and functional impairment due to pain in the pubic bone were assessed with a study-specific postal questionnaire.
RESULTS: We analyzed data from 650 survivors (participation rate 79%) with median follow-up of 6.3 years (range, 2.3-15.0 years) along with 344 control women (participation rate, 72 %). Ten percent of the survivors were treated with radiotherapy; ninety percent with surgery plus radiotherapy. Brachytherapy was added in 81%. Complete treatment records were recovered for 538/650 survivors, with dose distribution data including dose-volume histograms over the pubic bone. Pubic bone pain was reported by 73 survivors (11%); 59/517 (11%) had been exposed to mean absorbed external beam doses <52.5 Gy to the pubic bone and 5/12 (42%) to mean absorbed external beam doses ≥ 52.5 Gy. Thirty-three survivors reported pain affecting sleep, a 13-fold increased prevalence compared with control women. Forty-nine survivors reported functional impairment measured as pain walking indoors, a 10-fold increased prevalence.
CONCLUSIONS: Mean absorbed external beam dose above 52.5 Gy to the pubic bone increases the occurrence of pain in the pubic bone and may affect daily life of long-term survivors treated with radiotherapy for gynecological cancer.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 80, no 4, 1171-1180 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-113975DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2010.04.007PubMedID: 20643516OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-113975DiVA: diva2:786066