Feasibility, precision and validity of a novel fully automated quantitative method developed for measurement of digital joint space width in inflammatory arthritis
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
In rheumatoid arthritis (RA) radiographic joint damage is a key long-term outcome and is often evaluated in clinical trials through the van der Heijde modified Sharp method which includes the joint space narrowing (JSN) score. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility, the precision and the validity of a novel fully automated method for quantifying joint space width (JSW) in metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints in order to develop a method for use in the clinic where manual scoring is usually not available.
Radiographs from the SWEFOT trial were examined and processed for automated quantification of 1 year change (1yCh) in average JSW in MCP joints 2, 3 and 4 and proximal PIP joints 2 and 3. The relationship between change in JSW and change in JSN was studied using linear regression.
1yCh in MCP234 and PIP23 was successfully measured in 119/119 and 117/119 patients respectively. Reproducibility expressed as coefficient of variation was 1.4% for MCP234 JSW and 1.6% for PIP23 JSW. There was a significant relationship between 1yCh in MCP234 JSW and 1yCh in JSN (r= -0.19, p=0.036). In contrast, 1yCh in PIP23 JSW was not independently significantly associated with 1yCh in JSN.
Automated measurement of change in MCP234 JSW was technically feasible and it was related to the change in JSN. Adding PIP23 JSW did not strengthen the association to JSN. We are continuing to study the possible utility of JSW in clinical trials and clinical practice.
Joint space width, rheumatoid arthritis, Computer-aided joint space analysis, Sharp van der Heijde score, Digital X-ray radiogrammetry
Medical Image Processing Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-114401OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-114401DiVA: diva2:789781