Disclosing victimisation to healthcare professionals in Sweden: a constructivist grounded theory study of experiences among men exposed to interpersonal violence
2016 (English)In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 6, no 6, e010847Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Despite associations between being subjected to violence and ill-health being well known, most victims have never told health care professionals about their victimisation. Although both experiences of victimisation and help-seeking behaviour are gendered, male victims’ encounters with the health care system are under-researched. The aim of this study was to develop a theoretical model concerning male victims’ processes of disclosing experiences of being subjected to violence to health care professionals in Sweden. Constructivist grounded theory was used. Twelve men who had reported experiences of emotional, sexual, and/or physical violence by any type of perpetrator in an earlier quantitative study were interviewed. Conflicting thoughts within the men affected their likelihood of disclosing their victimisation. For example, a sense of urgency to seek help increased their likelihood, whereas shame and fear of negative consequences decreased their likelihood. Conformity to hegemonic masculinity had a strong negative influence, and was tipping the men towards a low likelihood of disclosing victimisation. Health care professionals strongly influence the disclosing process. For example, a good patient-provider relationship would help the men disclose, whereas a strong factor hindering disclosure was professionals’ adherence to gender norms, thus neither validating men’s experiences of violence nor acknowledging their psychological suffering.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2016. Vol. 6, no 6, e010847
Sweden; Violence; Abuse; Help-seeking; Screening; Gender; Masculinity; Constructivist Grounded Theory
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-114678DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010847ISI: 000380237100066OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-114678DiVA: diva2:791964
The status of this article was previous manuscript.
Funding agencies: Region Ostergotland, Sweden [LIO-340221, LIO-514621]2015-03-022015-03-022016-09-25Bibliographically approved