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Does susceptibility to proactive interference predict hearing aid benefit?
(Linnaeus Centre HEAD)
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. (Linnaeus Centre HEAD)
2014 (English)Conference paper, Abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Proactive Interference refers to an effect whereby previously learned information interferes with the capacity to learn new information. It has been suggested that performance on complex tests of working memory may be heavily influenced by susceptibility to proactive inteference (Kane and Engle, 2000). There is a wealth of evidence linking performance in complex working memory tasks to speech-in-noise recognition by listeners with normal hearing and those with a hearing loss in both aided and unaided conditions (see Akeroyd, 2008 for a review). Previous research has shown that susceptibility to proactive interference can be used to predict speech-in-noise recognition in young listeners with normal hearing (Ellis and Rönnberg, in press). We will report results that show whether this finding can be replicated in older adults with hearing loss and whether susceptibility to proactive interference can be used to predict the degree to which hearing aid use improves speech-in-noise recognition in these listeners. Potential clinical implications relating to the use of tests of proactive interference in the hearing aid fitting and rehabilitation processes will be discussed.References:Akeroyd, M.A. (2008) Are individual differences in speech reception related to individual differences in cognitive ability? A survey of twenty experimental studies with normal and hearing-impaired adults. International Journal of Audiology, 47, s53-s71.Ellis, R. J. and Rönnberg, J. (in press) Cognition and speech-in-noise recognition: The role of proactive interference. Journal of the American Academy of AudiologyKane, M.J. & Engle, R.W. (2000) Working-memory capacity, proactive interference and divided attention: Limits on long-term memory retrieval. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 26, 336-358.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. 91- p.
National Category
Other Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-115100OAI: diva2:793591
IHCON, Lake Tahoe, 13-17 August, 2014
Available from: 2015-03-08 Created: 2015-03-08 Last updated: 2015-03-16

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Rönnberg, Jerker
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Disability ResearchFaculty of Arts and SciencesThe Swedish Institute for Disability Research
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