Local Destabilization of the Metal-Binding Region in Human Copper-Zinc Superoxide Dismutase by Remote Mutations Is a Possible Determinant for Progression of ALS
2015 (English)In: Biochemistry, ISSN 1520-4995, E-ISSN 0006-2960, Vol. 54, no 2, 323-333 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
More than 100 distinct mutations in the gene CuZnSOD encoding human copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD) have been associated with familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (fALS), a fatal neuronal disease. Many studies of different mutant proteins have found effects on protein stability, catalytic activity, and metal binding, but without a common pattern. Notably, these studies were often performed under conditions far from physiological. Here, we have used experimental conditions of pH 7 and 37 degrees C and at an ionic strength of 0.2 M to mimic physiological conditions as close as possible in a sample of pure protein. Thus, by using NMR spectroscopy, we have analyzed amide hydrogen exchange of the fALS-associated I113T CuZnSOD variant in its fully metalated state, both at 25 and 37 degrees C, where (15)N relaxation data, as expected, reveals that CuZnSOD I113T exists as a dimer under these conditions. The local dynamics at 82% of all residues have been analyzed in detail. When compared to the wild-type protein, it was found that I113T CuZnSOD is particularly destabilized locally at the ion binding sites of loop 4, the zinc binding loop, which results in frequent exposure of the aggregation prone outer beta-strands I and VI of the beta-barrel, possibly enabling fibril or aggregate formation. A similar study (Museth, A. K., et al. (2009) Biochemistry, 48, 8817-8829) of amide hydrogen exchange at pH 7 and 25 degrees C on the G93A variant also revealed a selective destabilization of the zinc binding loop. Thus, a possible scenario in ALS is that elevated local dynamics at the metal binding region can result in toxic species from formation of new interactions at local beta-strands.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society , 2015. Vol. 54, no 2, 323-333 p.
Biological Sciences Chemical Sciences Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-114994DOI: 10.1021/bi500606jISI: 000348333300022PubMedID: 25496420OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-114994DiVA: diva2:793757
Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council [Dnr 2006-4253, Dnr 621-2012-5136]2015-03-092015-03-062016-05-04