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Morphology effects on exchange anisotropy in Co-CoO nanocomposite films
Uppsala University, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
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2015 (English)In: Thin Solid Films, ISSN 0040-6090, E-ISSN 1879-2731, Vol. 576, 11-18 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Co-CoO composite films were prepared by solution chemical technique using amine-modified nitrates and acetates in methanol. We study how particle size and porosity can be tuned through the synthesis parameters and how this influences the magnetic properties. Phase content and microstructure were characterised with grazing incidence X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy, and the magnetic properties were studied by magnetometry and magnetic force microscopy. Composite films were obtained by heating spin-coated films in Ar followed by oxidation in air at room temperature, and the porosity and particle size of the films were controlled by gas flow and heating rate. The synthesis yielded dense films with a random distribution of metal and oxide nanoparticles, and layered films with porosity and sintered primary particles. Exchange anisotropy, revealed as a shift towards negative fields of the magnetic hysteresis curve, was found in all films. The films with a random distribution of metal and oxide nanoparticles displayed a significantly larger coercivity and exchange anisotropy field compared to the films with a layered structure, whereas the layered films displayed a larger nominal saturation magnetisation. The magnitude of the coercivity decreased with increasing Co grain size, whereas increased porosity caused an increased tilt of the magnetic hysteresis curve.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2015. Vol. 576, 11-18 p.
Keyword [en]
Co-CoO composite; Thin film; Solution chemical synthesis; Morphology effect; Magnetism; Exchange anisotropy; Magnetic stray field
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-114979DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2014.11.064ISI: 000349373300002OAI: diva2:794099

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council (VR) [2005-4829]; Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research (SSF) [A307:225g]; VINNOVA [2011-03517]

Available from: 2015-03-10 Created: 2015-03-06 Last updated: 2016-08-31

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Lu, JunHultman, Lars
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