STRUCTURAL, VIBRATIONAL AND ELECTRONIC-PROPERTIES OF A CRYSTALLINE HYDRATE FROM AB-INITIO PERIODIC HARTREE-FOCK CALCULATIONS
1994 (English)In: Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science, ISSN 0108-7681, E-ISSN 1600-5740, Vol. 50, 268-279 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The hydrate crystal lithium hydroxide monohydrate LiOH.H2O has been studied by ab initio periodic Hartree-Fock calculations. The influence of the crystalline environment on the local molecular properties (molecular geometry, atomic charges, electron density, molecular vibrations and deuterium quadrupole coupling constants) of the water molecule, the lithium and hydroxide ions has been calculated. A number of crystalline bulk properties are also presented, optimized crystalline structure, lattice energy and electronic band structure. The optimized cell parameters from calculations with a large basis set of triple-zeta quality differ by only 1-3% from the experimental neutron-determined cell, whereas the STO-3g basis set performs poorly (differences of 5-10%). With the triple-zeta basis also the atomic positions and intermolecular distances agree very well with the experiment. The lattice energy differs by approximately 8% from the experimental value, and by at most 3% when a density-functional electron correlation correction is applied. Large electron-density rearrangements occur in the water molecule and in the hydrogen bond and are in qualitative and quantitative agreement with experimental X-ray diffraction results. The quadrupole-coupling constants of the water and hydroxide deuterium atoms are found to be very sensitive to the O-H bond length and are in good agreement with experimental values when the calculation is based on the experimental structure. The anharmonic O-H stretching vibrations in the crystal are presented and found to be very close to results from calculations on molecular clusters. The electronic band and density-of-states spectra are discussed. Model calculations on a hydrogen fluoride chain were used to rationalize the results.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1994. Vol. 50, 268-279 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-115179DOI: 10.1107/S0108768193010390ISI: A1994NP00100002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-115179DiVA: diva2:794191