Structure and vibrational spectra of H(+)(H(2)O)(8): Is the excess proton in a symmetrical hydrogen bond?
2000 (English)In: Journal of Chemical Physics, ISSN 0021-9606, E-ISSN 1089-7690, Vol. 113, no 13, 5321-5330 p., PII [S0021-9606(00)30735-8]Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The energetics, structure, and vibrational spectra of a wide variety of H + (H 2 O) 8 structures are calculated using density functional theory and second-order Møller–Plesset ab initio methods. In these isomers of H + (H 2 O) 8 the local environment of the excess proton sometimes resembles a symmetric H 5 O + 2 structure and sometimes H 3 O + , but many structures are intermediate between these two limits. We introduce a quantitative measure of the degree to which the excess proton resembles H 5 O + 2 or H 3 O + . Other bond lengths and, perhaps most useful, the position of certain vibrational bands track this measure of the symmetry in the local structure surrounding the excess proton. The general trend is for the most compact structures to have the lowest energy. However, adding zero-point energy counteracts this trend, making prediction of the most stable isomer impossible at this time. At elevated temperatures corresponding to recent experiments and atmospheric conditions (150–200 K), calculated Gibbs free energies clearly favor the least compact structures, in agreement with recent thermal simulations [Singer, McDonald, and Ojamäe, J. Chem. Phys. 112, 710 (2000)]. © 2000 American Institute of Physics.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 113, no 13, 5321-5330 p., PII [S0021-9606(00)30735-8]
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-115214DOI: 10.1063/1.1288918ISI: 000089344900028OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-115214DiVA: diva2:794263