Development of an instrument for measuring activities of daily living in persons with suspected cognitive impairment
2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 23, no 3, 230-239 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: According to the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare, structured assessment of function and activity has high priority when investigating for dementia.
Aim/objectives: The aim was to develop and psychometrically test an instrument to measure self-reported and/or informant-reported ability to perform activities of daily living in persons with suspected cognitive impairment.
Material and methods: The Cognitive Impairment in Daily Life (CID) instrument has been developed in several phases. Content validity was achieved through five expert panels using a Content Validity Index (CVI). The content was tested further in a pilot study of 51 patients and 49 relatives from primary care or a specialist memory clinic.
Results: Content validity was good with a CVI index of 0.83. All patients considered that relevant activities were included. Most relatives considered that the activities included in the instrument were adequate and captured the patients’ difficulties in daily life. Some adjustments to the items and scale were suggested and these were done after each phase. In general, relatives indicated more difficulties than patients.
Conclusion: The CID instrument seems promising in terms of content validity. Further testing of reliability and construct validity is ongoing.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 23, no 3, 230-239 p.
Cognition, dementia investigation, instrument development
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-115306DOI: 10.3109/11038128.2016.1139621ISI: 000374634100006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-115306DiVA: diva2:794857