Psychiatric illness in women requesting caesarean section
2015 (English)In: British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, ISSN 1470-0328, E-ISSN 1471-0528, Vol. 122, no 3, 351-358 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective To compare psychiatric in-and outpatient care during the 5 years before first delivery in primiparae delivered by caesarean section on maternal request with all other primiparae women who had given birth during the same time period. Design Prospective, population-based register study. Setting Sweden. Sample Women giving birth for the first time between 2002 and 2004 (n = 64 834). Methods Women giving birth by caesarean section on maternal request (n = 1009) were compared with all other women giving birth (n = 63 825). The exposure of interest was any psychiatric diagnosis according to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ninth revision, ICD-9, 290-319; tenth revision, ICD-10, F00-F99) in The Swedish national patient register during the 5 years before first delivery. Main outcome measures Psychiatric diagnoses and delivery data. Results The burden of psychiatric illnesses was significantly higher in women giving birth by caesarean section on maternal request (10 versus 3.5%, P less than 0.001). The most common diagnoses were ` Neurotic disorders, stress-related disorders and somatoform disorders (5.9%, aOR 3.1, 95% CI 1.1-2.9), and ` Mood disorders (3.4%, aOR 2.4, 95% CI 1.7-3.6). The adjusted odds ratio for caesarean section on maternal request was 2.5 (95% CI 2.0-3.2) for any psychiatric disorder. Women giving birth by caesarean section on maternal request were older, used tobacco more often, had a lower educational level, higher body mass index, were more often married, unemployed, and their parents were more often born outside of Scandinavia (P less than 0.05). Conclusions Women giving birth by caesarean section on maternal request more often have a severe psychiatric disease burden. This finding points to the need for psychological support for these women as well as the need to screen and treat psychiatric illness in pregnant women.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley: 12 months , 2015. Vol. 122, no 3, 351-358 p.
Caesarean section; maternal request; mental health; psychiatric diagnoses
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-115326DOI: 10.1111/1471-0528.12714ISI: 000348866600015PubMedID: 24628766OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-115326DiVA: diva2:795073
Funding Agencies|County Council of Ostergotland, Sweden2015-03-132015-03-132016-03-24