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Modeling the Evolution of Creoles
Linköping University, The Institute for Analytical Sociology, IAS. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8357-0276
Institutionen för lingvistik, Stockholms universitet.
Linköping University, The Institute for Analytical Sociology, IAS. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2015 (English)In: Language Dynamics and Change, ISSN 2210-5824, E-ISSN 2210-5832, Vol. 5, no 1, 1-51 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Various theories have been proposed regarding the origin of creole languages. Describing a process where only the end result is documented involves several methodological difficulties. In this paper we try to address some of the issues by using a novel mathematical model together with detailed empirical data on the origin and structure of Mauritian Creole. Our main focus is on whether Mauritian Creole may have originated only from a mutual desire to communicate, without a target language or prestige bias. Our conclusions are affirmative. With a confirmation bias towards learning from successful communication, the model predicts Mauritian Creole better than any of the input languages, including the lexifier French, thus providing a compelling and specific hypothetical model of how creoles emerge. The results also show that it may be possible for a creole to develop quickly after first contact, and that it was created mostly from material found in the input languages, but without inheriting their morphology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 5, no 1, 1-51 p.
Keyword [en]
creoles, pidgins, cultural evolution, mathematical modelling, simulation
Keyword [sv]
kreoler, pidginspråk, kulturell evolution, matematisk modellering, simulering
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics Other Mathematics Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-115745DOI: 10.1163/22105832-00501005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-115745DiVA: diva2:796240
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 324233Swedish Research Council, 445-2013-7681Swedish Research Council, 2009-2390Swedish Research Council, 2009-2678Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, M12-0301:1
Available from: 2015-03-18 Created: 2015-03-18 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Jansson, FredrikStrimling, Pontus

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The Institute for Analytical Sociology, IASFaculty of Arts and Sciences
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General Language Studies and LinguisticsOther MathematicsSociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)

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