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Turning evidence into practice: Barriers to research use among occupational therapists
Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine. Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Local Health Care Services in Central Östergötland, Department of Geriatric Medicine in Linköping.
2015 (English)In: British Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 0308-0226, E-ISSN 1477-6006, Vol. 78, no 3, 175-181 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Research has demonstrated that occupational therapists generally have a positive attitude regarding the use of evidence in their daily practice and decision-making. In addition, occupational therapists are expected to implement evidencebased practice, which is often understood as equivalent to research. However, evidence-based practice might be difficult to reconcile with occupational therapy from a client-centred focus. This study examines what occupational therapists perceive as barriers to research use and discusses the challenge of clinical implementation.

Method: This study uses a descriptive cross-sectional design. The Barriers to Research Utilization Scale questionnaire was mailed to 807 randomly selected Swedish occupational therapists. The response rate was 59%.

Findings: The occupational therapists identified three main barriers to the use of research: insufficient facilities (82%); lack of time to read research (77%); difficulty understanding statistical analyses (75%). Degree of education was shown to affect results; occupational therapists with higher education levels indicated a higher use of research.

Conclusion: Implementing research in clinical practice is a challenge. Occupational therapists are interested but they lack the optimal prerequisites and time.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2015. Vol. 78, no 3, 175-181 p.
Keyword [en]
clinical practice, support, survey
National Category
Occupational Therapy
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-115885DOI: 10.1177/0308022615569511ISI: 000353581700005OAI: diva2:797113
Available from: 2015-03-23 Created: 2015-03-23 Last updated: 2016-03-23Bibliographically approved

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Samuelsson, KerstiWressle, Ewa
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Department of Rehabilitation MedicineDivision of Community MedicineFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDivision of Neuro and Inflammation ScienceDepartment of Geriatric Medicine in Linköping
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British Journal of Occupational Therapy
Occupational Therapy

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