Differential vital staining of normal fibroblasts and melanoma cells by an anionic conjugated polyelectrolyte
2015 (English)In: Cytometry Part A, ISSN 1552-4922, E-ISSN 1552-4930, Vol. 87, no 3, 262-272 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Molecular probes for imaging of live cells are of great interest for studying biological and pathological processes. The anionic luminescent conjugated polythiophene (LCP) polythiophene acetic acid (PTAA), has previously been used for vital staining of cultured fibroblasts as well as transformed cells with results indicating differential staining due to cell phenotype. Herein, we investigated the behavior of PTAA in two normal and five transformed cells lines. PTAA fluorescence in normal cells appeared in a peripheral punctated pattern whereas the probe was more concentrated in a one-sided perinuclear localization in the five transformed cell lines. In fibroblasts, PTAA fluorescence was initially associated with fibronectin and after 24 h partially localized to lysosomes. The uptake and intracellular target in malignant melanoma cells was more ambiguous and the intracellular target of PTAA in melanoma cells is still elusive. PTAA was well tolerated by both fibroblasts and melanoma cells, and microscopic analysis as well as viability assays showed no signs of negative influence on growth. Stained cells maintained their proliferation rate for at least 12 generations. Although the probe itself was nontoxic, photoinduced cellular toxicity was observed in both cell lines upon irradiation directly after staining. However, no cytotoxicity was detected when the cells were irradiated 24 h after staining, indicating that the photoinduced toxicity is dependent on the cellular location of the probe. Overall, these studies certified PTAA as a useful agent for vital staining of cells, and that PTAA can potentially be used to study cancer-related biological and pathological processes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley: 12 months , 2015. Vol. 87, no 3, 262-272 p.
Conjugated polyelectrolyte; Fibroblast; Fluorescence; Luminescent conjugated polythiophene; Melanoma; Photoinduced toxicity
Structural Biology Cell and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-115887DOI: 10.1002/cyto.a.22627ISI: 000349984200009PubMedID: 25605326ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84923259526OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-115887DiVA: diva2:797146