liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Use of vitamin D supplements during infancy in an international feeding trial.
Nutrition Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Mannerheimintie 164a, FIN00300, Helsinki, Finland.
Department of Paediatrics, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
Division of Nutrition, School of Health Professions, College of Health and Human Sciences, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA.
Pediatrics Epidemiology Center, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.
Show others and affiliations
Number of Authors: 188
2014 (English)In: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 17, no 4, 810-22 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To examine the use of vitamin D supplements during infancy among the participants in an international infant feeding trial.

DESIGN: Longitudinal study.

SETTING: Information about vitamin D supplementation was collected through a validated FFQ at the age of 2 weeks and monthly between the ages of 1 month and 6 months.

SUBJECTS: Infants (n 2159) with a biological family member affected by type 1 diabetes and with increased human leucocyte antigen-conferred susceptibility to type 1 diabetes from twelve European countries, the USA, Canada and Australia.

RESULTS: Daily use of vitamin D supplements was common during the first 6 months of life in Northern and Central Europe (>80% of the infants), with somewhat lower rates observed in Southern Europe (> 60%). In Canada, vitamin D supplementation was more common among exclusively breast-fed than other infants (e.g., 71% v. 44% at 6 months of age). Less than 2% of infants in the U.S.A. and Australia received any vitamin D supplementation. Higher gestational age, older maternal age and longer maternal education were study-wide associated with greater use of vitamin D supplements.

CONCLUSIONS: Most of the infants received vitamin D supplements during the first 6 months of life in the European countries, whereas in Canada only half and in the U.S.A. and Australia very few were given supplementation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 17, no 4, 810-22 p.
National Category
Endocrinology and Diabetes
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-116477DOI: 10.1017/S1368980013001122PubMedID: 23795865OAI: diva2:798472
Available from: 2015-03-26 Created: 2015-03-26 Last updated: 2015-04-14

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed
In the same journal
Public Health Nutrition
Endocrinology and Diabetes

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 30 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link