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Skills and participation in lifelong learning among adults with tertiary education: A comparison between Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden
Stord/Haugesund University College, Norway.
University of Jyväskylä, Finland.
University of Turku, Finland.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. (Vuxenpedagogik och folkbildning)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1194-9708
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper is a cross-Nordic comparative exploration of participation in lifelong learning among high-educated adults vis-à-vis their basic skills. Previous research has established that participation in lifelong learning is positively related to educational background (“Matthew effect”). However, we know little about what role do basic skills play in this advantage. This is largely due to lack of reliable data on basic skills. OECD’s Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) opens historically unique opportunities for research in this area. Based on this data, we examined skills in numeracy and literacy in and between the four Nordic countries among adults with tertiary education, associations of the skills differences with age and gender, and the relationship between the skills and participation in lifelong learning. The study is part of the research project Skills development for realizing the workforce competence reserve (2014-2017) (SkillsREAL). The analysis was limited to adults in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden with tertiary education (ISCED 5-6), aged 40 years and older, and employed (N=4391). As expected, skills levels in literacy and numeracy were relatively high, on level 3 out of 5 (meanLit=296, meanNum=303), as were the participation rates (average 74%) in lifelong learning. Regardless of the apparent similarity of the performance of high-educated persons in Nordic countries in international comparison, significant cross-country differences were found in literacy and numeracy across them. Skills were associated with age and gender in all countries and men significantly outperform women in both skills. Unlike numeracy, literacy skills were an important factor effecting participation (except in Norway). Age was an important factor in participation in all countries, but Sweden, while gender was only significant in Norway. The findings are discussed against the implications of the “Nordic model” to the system of adult education and lifelong learning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Keyword [en]
skills, literacy, numeracy, PIAAC, participation, lifelong learning
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-116483OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-116483DiVA: diva2:798628
Conference
6th Nordic Conference on Adult Education and Learning, Adult Education and the Planetary Condition, 25.-28.3.2015, Tampere, Finland
Projects
Skills development for realizing the workforce competence reserve - SkillsREAL
Note

Projektet finansierat av Forskningsrådet, Norge.

Available from: 2015-03-27 Created: 2015-03-27 Last updated: 2015-03-27

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Andersson, Per

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf