A shield against distraction
2014 (English)In: Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, ISSN 2211-3681, Vol. 3, no 1, 31-36 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this paper, we apply the basic idea of a trade-off between the level of concentration and distractibility to test whether a manipulation of task difficulty can shield against distraction. Participants read, either in quiet or with a speech noise background, texts that were displayed either in an easy-to-read or a hard-to-read font. Background speech impaired prose recall, but only when the text was displayed in the easy-to-read font. Most importantly, recall was better in the background speech condition for hard-to-read than for easy-to-read texts. Moreover, individual differences in working memory capacity were related to the magnitude of disruption, but only in the easy-to-read condition. Making a task more difficult can sometimes facilitate selective attention in noisy work environments by promoting focal-task engagement. © 2014 The Authors.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2014. Vol. 3, no 1, 31-36 p.
Distraction; Memory; Noise; Selective attention; Task difficulty; Working memory capacity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-116411DOI: 10.1016/j.jarmac.2014.01.003ISI: 000352994000005ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84897660083OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-116411DiVA: diva2:798648