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A shield against distraction
Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, University of of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, University of of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden; School of Psychology, University of of Central Lancashire, Preston, United Kingdom.
Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, University of of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, University of of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
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2014 (English)In: Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, ISSN 2211-3681, E-ISSN 2211-369X, Vol. 3, no 1, 31-36 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we apply the basic idea of a trade-off between the level of concentration and distractibility to test whether a manipulation of task difficulty can shield against distraction. Participants read, either in quiet or with a speech noise background, texts that were displayed either in an easy-to-read or a hard-to-read font. Background speech impaired prose recall, but only when the text was displayed in the easy-to-read font. Most importantly, recall was better in the background speech condition for hard-to-read than for easy-to-read texts. Moreover, individual differences in working memory capacity were related to the magnitude of disruption, but only in the easy-to-read condition. Making a task more difficult can sometimes facilitate selective attention in noisy work environments by promoting focal-task engagement. © 2014 The Authors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2014. Vol. 3, no 1, 31-36 p.
Keyword [en]
Distraction; Memory; Noise; Selective attention; Task difficulty; Working memory capacity
National Category
Basic Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-116411DOI: 10.1016/j.jarmac.2014.01.003ISI: 000352994000005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84897660083OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-116411DiVA: diva2:798648
Available from: 2015-03-27 Created: 2015-03-26 Last updated: 2017-12-04

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Sörqvist, Patrik

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  • apa
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