The role of electric vehicles in EU transport and energy policy
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
This paper combines two approaches to analysing the role of electric vehicles (EVs) in society. It uses an explorative approach to analyse the framing of EVs in European Union (EU) policy, and identifies the opportunities for EVs to reduce climate impact in a sociotechnical systems analysis, based on previous research. By relating the two approaches to each other, this paper illuminates the complexity of the sustainability issue in transport policy. The aim of this paper is to identify what problems EVs are meant to solve according to EU policy, how EVs could address these problems, and what effects the framing of EVs could have on the climate impact of the European transport system.
This paper concludes that EVs are a solution to the problem of changes in the European road transport system, which is brought on by the need to reach climate goals and reduce oil dependence. However, the introduction of EVs risks missing sustainability effects in a wider system perspective, as current policy only concerns the technology itself, and not its use. Unless use and users are included in policy, it is unlikely that EVs will be able to substantially reduce climate impact from transport. Including the use of transport and energy in policy would illuminate the climate impact of the transport system, possibly leading to measures for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from transport.
Electric vehicles, transport policy, climate impact, sociotechnical systems
Environmental Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-116683OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-116683DiVA: diva2:799852