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Loss of local capture of the pulmonary vein myocardium after antral isolation: prevalence and clinical significance.
Department of Cardiology, Pasteur University Hospital, Nice, France.
Electrophysiology Section, Cardiovascular Division, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
Electrophysiology Section, Cardiovascular Division, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
Electrophysiology Section, Cardiovascular Division, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
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2015 (English)In: Cardiovascular Electrophysiology, ISSN 1045-3873, E-ISSN 1540-8167, Vol. 26, no 3, 242-50 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

INTRODUCTION: Capture of the myocardial sleeves of the pulmonary veins (PV) during PV pacing is mandatory for assessing exit block after PV isolation (PVI). However, previous studies reported that a significant proportion of PVs failed to demonstrate local capture after PVI. We designed this study to evaluate the prevalence and the clinical significance of loss of PV capture after PVI.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty patients (14 redo) undergoing antral PVI were included. Before and after PVI, local PV capture was assessed during circumferential pacing (10 mA/2 milliseconds) with a circular multipolar catheter (CMC), using EGM analysis from each dipole of the CMC and from the ablation catheter placed in ipsilateral PV. Pacing output was varied to optimize identification of sleeve capture. All PVs demonstrated sleeve capture before PVI, but only 81% and 40% after first time and redo PVI, respectively (P < 0.001 vs. before PVI). In multivariate analysis, absence of spontaneous PV depolarizations after PVI and previous PVI procedures were associated with less PV sleeve capture after PVI (40% sleeve capture, P < 0.001 for both). Loss of PV local capture by design was coincident with the development of PV entrance block and importantly predicted absence of acute reconnection during adenosine challenge with 96% positive predictive value (23% negative predictive value).

CONCLUSION: Loss of PV local capture is common after antral PVI resulting in entrance block, and may be used as a specific alternate endpoint for PV electrical isolation. Additionally, loss of PV local capture may identify PVs at very low risk of acute reconnection during adenosine challenge.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 26, no 3, 242-50 p.
Keyword [en]
ablation, atrial fibrillation, pulmonary veins, pulmonary vein isolation
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-116806DOI: 10.1111/jce.12585PubMedID: 25404507OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-116806DiVA: diva2:800305
Available from: 2015-04-02 Created: 2015-04-02 Last updated: 2017-12-04

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