Peripheral nerve as an osmometer: role of the perineurium in frog sciatic nerve.
1983 (English)In: American Journal of Physiology, ISSN 0002-9513, Vol. 244, no 1, C75-81 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Measurements of volume and hydrostatic pressure in the frog sciatic nerve in vitro demonstrate that the nerve acts as an osmometer, in large part because the perineurium is a semipermeable membrane for water flow. Endoneurial hydrostatic pressure in nerves in isotonic Ringer exceeds bath pressure by about 7 mmHg. In Ringer made hypertonic by addition of sucrose, nerve volume and endoneurial pressure fall linearly in relation to 1/osmolality. The slope of the plot of pressure against volume provides a value for nerve compliance equal to 0.006 mm2/mmHg. Calculations based on the model of the nerve as an osmometer indicate that the nerve has an osmotically "inactive" volume equal to 0.19 mm3/mm, which is about 75% of the total volume of a nerve segment of unit length in normal Ringer. Perineurial hydraulic conductivity (Lp) equals 7.5 x 10(-13) cm3.s-1.dyn-1, a value characteristic of nonleaky epithelia. The perineurium is an elastic tissue with a constant modulus of elasticity equal to 3 x 10(6) dyn/cm2 when not markedly stretched and may limit nerve swelling under pathological conditions of nerve edema.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1983. Vol. 244, no 1, C75-81 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-116876PubMedID: 6600373OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-116876DiVA: diva2:801203