A bioacoustic method for timing of the different phases of the breathing cycle and monitoring of breathing frequency.
2000 (English)In: Medical Engineering and Physics, ISSN 1350-4533, E-ISSN 1873-4030, Vol. 22, no 6, 425-433 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
It is well known that the flow of air through the trachea during respiration causes vibrations in the tissue near the trachea, which propagate to the surface of the body and can be picked up by a microphone placed on the throat over the trachea. Since the vibrations are a direct result of the airflow, accurate timing of inspiration and expiration is possible. This paper presents a signal analysis solution for automated monitoring of breathing and calculation of the breathing frequency. The signal analysis approach uses tracheal sound variables in the time and frequency domains, as well as the characteristics of the disturbances that can be used to discriminate tracheal sound from noise. One problem associated with the bioacoustic method is its sensitivity for acoustic disturbances, because the microphone tends to pick up all vibrations, independent of their origin. A signal processing method was developed that makes the bioacoustic method clinically useful in a broad variety of situations, for example in intensive care and during certain heart examinations, where information about both the precise timing and the phases of breathing is crucial.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 22, no 6, 425-433 p.
Medical Laboratory and Measurements Technologies
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-116909DOI: 10.1016/S1350-4533(00)00050-3PubMedID: 11086254OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-116909DiVA: diva2:801462