Overestimation of flow velocity through leaks in mechanical valve prostheses and through small orifices by continuous-wave Doppler.
1997 (English)In: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, ISSN 0894-7317, E-ISSN 1097-6795, Vol. 10, no 9, 904-914 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The reliability of continuous-wave Doppler flow velocity measurements through small regurgitant lesions, such as in prosthetic leakage, has not been systematically analyzed. To evaluate the accuracy of continuous-wave Doppler in prosthetic valve leakage and small orifices in an in vitro, steady-flow model-flow velocities through the leaks of twelve intact mechanical prostheses and through six circular nozzles (area 0.5 to 20 mm2) were measured at pressure drops between 30 and 105 mm Hg. These results were compared with those predicted by the modified Bernoulli equation. Laser Doppler anemometry of flow velocities through the nozzles was also performed. Despite high correlation, there was substantial overestimation of Bernoulli predicted velocities by echo Doppler in the prosthetic leaks (mean +12.3% +/- 9.4%; range 90.3% to 143.4%). In the nozzles < or = 10 mm2, but not in the largest (20 mm2) nozzle, there was also overestimation of the Bernoulli predicted velocities (mean +6.2% +/- 2%). Laser Doppler anemometry of flow velocities through the nozzles showed slightly lower values than predicted by the Bernoulli equation. Thus, continuous-wave echo Doppler overestimates flow velocities through small orifices. This apparently is, at least in part, due to transit time effects and should be taken into account when using echo Doppler in small (< 10 mm2) orifices, such as in mild to moderate regurgitant lesions and prosthetic valve leakage.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 10, no 9, 904-914 p.
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-116982DOI: 10.1016/S0894-7317(97)80007-7PubMedID: 9440068OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-116982DiVA: diva2:801867