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Associations between organisation of work, work conditions, work-relatedf low and performance: a multilevel analysis
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. (National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation)
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. (National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0279-5903
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2015 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to investigate how organisation of work in terms of sociotechnical characteristics and use of tools inspired by lean production, and psychosocial conditions at the workplace, are associated with work-related flow and performance.

A questionnaire including questions concerning work organisation, psychosocial work conditions, work-related flow and self-rated performance was sent to employees in ten Swedish organisations; 4442 people (56%) responded. Multilevel logistic regression analyses were used in order to investigate organisation of work and work conditions in relation to work-related flow and performance. In addition, the association between work-related flow and performance was investigated.

Our results show that a high degree of lean tool use in combination with a low degree of sociotechnical characteristics was negatively associated with work-related flow but positively associated with performance. When decision latitude, social capital, and innovative learning climate were included in the model, the association was no longer significant in relation to work-related flow, but remained and was strengthen in relation to performance. Work-related flow had a positive association with performance.

The conclusion is that work-related flow and work conditions that enable individual and collective skill use are important for increased performance. When lean tools are used to a high degree, good decision latitude, social capital and innovative learning climate buffer negative effects on health, and increase performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Keyword [en]
Job resources; health; well-being; job design
National Category
Learning Work Sciences Other Medical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-117062OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-117062DiVA: diva2:805247
Available from: 2015-04-15 Created: 2015-04-15 Last updated: 2015-04-15Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Live long and prosper: Health-promoting conditions at work
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Live long and prosper: Health-promoting conditions at work
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis is to contribute with knowledge concerning health-promoting conditions at work, and to investigate how individual, workplace and organisational conditions are interrelated. In the thesis, work-related flow, i.e. an experience of motivation, absorption and work enjoyment, is used as a holistic notion of occupational health. In Paper I, work-related flow is investigated in relation to decision latitude, social capital and an innovative learning climate at work. Paper II investigates whether the use of tools inspired by lean production, such as standardisation and value stream mapping, is positively associated with conditions for innovative learning in organisations. The aim of Paper III is to identify conditions for health and performance in organisation and at work; further, to investigate the association between work-related flow and performance. Paper IV reports on a longitudinal investigation of workrelated flow in relation to lean tool use and conditions at the workplace. The empirical material is based on data from 10 organisations, including 4442 employees. Papers I-III are cross-sectional, whereas Paper IV is longitudinal. Papers II-IV utilise multilevel analyses.

The results show that decision latitude, social capital and an innovative learning climate are associated with an increase in work-related flow (Papers I, III & IV), and with performance (Paper III). Individuals’ decision latitude enables an increased benefit from the social capital and innovative learning climate at work (Paper I). The effect of tools inspired by lean production on work-related flow (Papers III & IV), and on conditions for innovative learning (Paper II) differs, depending on which tools are used, and on workplace conditions. These tools enable innovative learning mainly where decision latitude is low (Paper II), and it is primarily the lean tool value stream mapping which has the potential to create an arena for innovative learning (Paper II) and work-related flow (Paper IV).

It is concluded that the individual is embedded in a social work context that has the potential to strengthen the ability to act with motivation, absorption and enjoyment. In order to utilise collective healthpromoting conditions at work, individuals need to have authority to make their own decisions and use their skills. The effect of tools inspired by lean production depends on the specific tools that are used, and on individuals’ decision latitude at work. Their potential to enable innovative learning is most evident for employees who  have few opportunities for autonomous decision-making and skill use in their work. For those with a high degree of decision latitude, the use of lean tools has a smaller effect. Work-related flow may in itself serve as a resource that improves performance and increases engagement in health-promoting work conditions. In order to promote health as well as performance, work needsto be organised so that employees have opportunities to decide over their own work, and utilise their skills, individually and collectively within the workgroup.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2015. 72 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1447
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Social Work Medical and Health Sciences Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-117064 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-117064 (DOI)978-91-7519-120-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-05-04, Hälsans Hus, Campus US, Linköping, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-04-15 Created: 2015-04-15 Last updated: 2015-04-30Bibliographically approved

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Fagerlind Ståhl, Anna-CarinGustavsson, MariaKarlsson, NadineEkberg, Kerstin

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