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Prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder among Swedish women: A population-based study
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Clinical Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Center of Paediatrics and Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Department of Paediatrics in Linköping.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8234-5461
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Clinical Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Center of Paediatrics and Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics in Linköping.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Clinical Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2015 (English)In: Comprehensive Psychiatry, ISSN 0010-440X, E-ISSN 1532-8384, Vol. 58, 108-115 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by a highly distressing and impairing preoccupation with nonexistent or slight defects in appearance. Patients with BDD present to both psychiatric and non-psychiatric physicians. A few studies have assessed BDD prevalence in representative samples of the general population and have demonstrated that this disorder is relatively common. Our primary objective was to assess the prevalence of BDD in the Swedish population because no data are currently available. Methods: In the current cross-sectional study, 2891 randomly selected Swedish women aged 18-60 years participated. The occurrence of BDD was assessed using the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Questionnaire (BDDQ), which is a validated self-report measure derived from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-IV criteria for BDD. In addition, symptoms of depression and anxiety were measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Results: The prevalence of BDD among Swedish women was 2.1%. The women with BDD had significantly more symptoms of depression and anxiety than the women without BDD. Depression (HADS depression score greater than= 8) and anxiety (HADS anxiety score greater than= 8) were reported by 42% and 72% of the women with BDD, respectively. Conclusions: The results of the present study indicate that BDD is relatively common among Swedish women (2.1%) and that it is associated with significant morbidity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WB Saunders , 2015. Vol. 58, 108-115 p.
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-117368DOI: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2014.12.014ISI: 000351807800015PubMedID: 25617963OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-117368DiVA: diva2:807865
Note

Funding Agencies|Linkoping University; Ostergotland County Council

Available from: 2015-04-24 Created: 2015-04-24 Last updated: 2015-04-24

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Brohede, SabinaWingren, GunWijma, BarbroWijma, Klaas
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Division of Clinical SciencesFaculty of Health SciencesDepartment of Paediatrics in LinköpingDivision of Neuro and Inflammation ScienceDepartment of Gynaecology and Obstetrics in Linköping
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Comprehensive Psychiatry
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