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Mechanism of Formation of the Thermoelectric Layered Cobaltate Ca3Co4O9 by Annealing of CaO-CoO Thin Films
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Risö-DTU, Denmark.
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2015 (English)In: Advanced Electronic Materials, ISSN 2199-160X, Vol. 1, no 3, 1400022Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The layered cobaltate Ca3Co4O9 is of interest for energy-harvesting and heat-conversion applications because of its good thermoelectric properties and the fact that the raw materials Ca and Co are nontoxic, abundantly available, and inexpensive. While single-crystalline Ca3Co4O9 exhibits high Seebeck coefficient and low resistivity, its widespread use is hampered by the fact that single crystals are too small and expensive. A promising alternative approach is the growth of highly textured and/or epitaxial Ca3Co4O9 thin films with correspondingly anisotropic properties. Here, we present a two-step sputtering/annealing method for the formation of highly textured virtually phase-pure Ca3Co4O9 thin films by reactive cosputtering from Ca and Co targets followed by an annealing process at 730 °C under O2-gas flow. The thermally induced phase transformation mechanism is investigated by in situ time-resolved annealing experiments using synchrotron-based 2D X-ray diffraction (XRD) as well as ex situ annealing experiments and standard lab-based XRD. By tuning the proportion of initial CaO and CoO phases during film deposition, the method enables synthesis of Ca3Co4O9 thin films as well as CaxCoO2. With this method, we demonstrate production of epitaxial Ca3Co4O9 thin films with in-plane electrical resistivity of 6.44 mΩ cm and a Seebeck coefficient of 118 μV K−1 at 300 K.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2015. Vol. 1, no 3, 1400022
Keyword [en]
Thermoelectrics, Ca3Co4O9, thin film, sputtering, phase transformation
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics Other Materials Engineering Nano Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-117610DOI: 10.1002/aelm.201400022ISI: 000357653900004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-117610DiVA: diva2:810044
Funder
EU, European Research Council, 335383Swedish Research Council, 2012-4430Swedish Research Council, 2011-6505Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research , Future Research Leaders 5
Available from: 2015-05-06 Created: 2015-05-06 Last updated: 2016-02-16Bibliographically approved

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Paul, BiplabSchroeder, Jeremy LeroyKerdsongpanya, SitLu, JunBirch, JensEklund, Per

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