Hearing impairment among adults: The impact of cardiovascular diseases and cardiovascular risk factors
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 54, no 4, 265-273 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: To investigate the influence of cardiovascular diseases on hearing impairment (HI) among adults. Furthermore, to seek other potential risk factors for HI, such as smoking, obesity, and socioeconomic class. Design: A cross-sectional, unscreened, population-based, epidemiological study among adults. Study sample: The subjects (n = 850), aged 54-66 years, were randomly sampled from the population register. A questionnaire survey, an otological examination, and pure-tone audiometry were performed. Results: Cardiovascular diseases did not increase the risk for HI in a propensity-score adjusted logistic regression model: OR 1.24, 95% CI 0.79 to 1.96 for HI defined by better ear hearing level (BEHL), and OR 1.48, 95% CI 0.96 to 2.28 for HI defined by worse ear hearing level (WEHL), in the 0.5-4 kHz frequency range. Heavy smoking is a risk factor for HI among men (BEHL: OR 1.96, WEHL: OR 1.88) and women (WEHL: OR 2.4). Among men, obesity (BEHL, OR 1.85) and lower socioeconomic class (BEHL: OR 2.79, WEHL: OR 2.28) are also risk factors for HI. Conclusion: No significant association between cardiovascular disease and HI was found.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare , 2015. Vol. 54, no 4, 265-273 p.
Hearing impairment; adult; cardiovascular disease; diabetes; body mass index; smoking; socioeconomic class
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-117796DOI: 10.3109/14992027.2014.974112ISI: 000352704800008PubMedID: 25547009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-117796DiVA: diva2:811268
Funding Agencies|Oulu University Hospital; European ARHI Project [QLRT-2001-00331]2015-05-112015-05-082016-04-24