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A Crucial but Strenuous Process: Female Same-Sex Couples’ Reflections on Second-Parent Adoption
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2015 (English)In: Journal of GLBT Family Studies, ISSN 1550-428X, E-ISSN 1550-4298, 1-24 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

When a female same-sex couple has a child together through assisted reproduction, it is important that both partners be granted status as the child's legal parents. Second-parent adoption, where the non-birth mother adopts the child, is currently an option in several Western nations. The article presents findings from interviews with 96 Swedish mothers, all of whom have gone through second-parent adoptions in same-sex relations. The interviewees describe the adoption as crucial for their family. If the parents divorce or if one of them dies, it is deemed important to have legal parenthood established. A second-parent adoption process in Sweden can take several months to finish. In several interviews, the social workers assessing the family for the adoption are depicted as unprofessional and as asking irrelevant or intrusive questions. Others depict social workers as kind and competent. Other methods of granting legal parenthood to non-birth mothers are suggested for Swedish legislation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2015. 1-24 p.
Keyword [en]
Heteronormativity, legal parenthood, lesbian mother, non-birth mother, second-parent adoption, social worker
National Category
Psychology Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-117929DOI: 10.1080/1550428X.2015.1019169OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-117929DiVA: diva2:812248
Conference
2015/05/18
Available from: 2015-05-18 Created: 2015-05-18 Last updated: 2015-05-27Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Pride and Prejudice: Lesbian Families in Contemporary Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pride and Prejudice: Lesbian Families in Contemporary Sweden
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Stolthet och fördom : Lesbiska familjer i dagens Sverige
Abstract [en]

Options and possibilities for lesbian parents have changed fundamentally since the turn of the millennium. A legal change in 2003 enabled a same-sex couple  to share legal parenthood of the same child. An additional legal change, in 2005, gave lesbian couples access to fertility treatment within public healthcare in Sweden. The present thesis focuses on families where two women share legal parenthood of their children. It aims to provide knowledge about lesbian parenting couples and their children, and to focus on the interplay between family members within lesbian families, and between family members and their surroundings. Furthermore, the thesis aims to visualize and analyse notions of heteronormativity and homonormativity in contemporary Sweden. The thesis draws on interviews with 118 parents in 61 families, and 12 children in 11 families. The participants’ stories, descriptions, reflections and discourses have been analysed using discursive psychology and thematic analysis.

The thesis includes five empirical papers. Paper I focuses on encounters with healthcare professionals prior to and during pregnancy, at childbirth and during the early stages of parenthood. Paper II deals with the participants’ experiences of second-parent adoption processes. Paper III focuses on equality in parenting relations. Paper IV focuses on encounters with fertility clinics within public healthcare. Paper V highlights the children’s reflections and shows how the children talk about fathers and donors.

Abstract [sv]

För lesbiska par har förutsättningarna för föräldraskap förändrats i grunden sedan millennieskiftet. År 2003 möjliggjorde en lagändring att ett barn kan ha två rättsliga föräldrar av samma kön. Ytterligare en lagändring öppnade år 2005 möjligheten för lesbiska par att få barn genom assisterad befruktning inom svensk sjukvård. I avhandlingen fokuseras familjer där två kvinnor delar det rättsliga föräldraskapet om sina gemensamma barn. Studien syftar till att bredda kunskaper om lesbiska familjeliv och fokuserar samspelet mellan familjemedlemmar såväl som samspelet mellan familjen och dess omgivning. Vidare syftar studien till att synliggöra och analysera uttryck för heteronormativitet och homonormativitet i dagens Sverige. Studien bygger på intervjuer med 118 föräldrar i 61 familjer och 12 barn i 11 familjer. Deltagarnas berättelser, beskrivningar, reflektioner och diskurser analyseras med diskursiv psykologi och tematisk analys.

Avhandlingen består av fem empiriska artiklar och en kappa. I Artikel I analyseras föräldrarnas berättelser om att möta sjukvården i samband med graviditet och förlossning. Artikel II belyser deltagarnas berättelser om att genomgå en närståendeadoption. I Artikel III fokuseras hur föräldrarna pratar om jämställdhet i sina föräldraroller. Artikel IV analyserar intervjuer med föräldrar som vänt sig till svensk sjukvård för fertilitetsbehandling. I Artikel V, är det barnen som står i fokus. Studien bygger på intervjuer med tolv barn som var mellan 5 och 8 år gamla och växte upp i familjer med två mammor. I artikeln analyseras barnens beskrivningar av pappor och spermadonatorer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2015. 106 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 642Linköping Studies in Behavioural Science, ISSN 1654-2029 ; 191
Keyword
Lesbian family, same-sex parents, heteronormativity, homonormativity, fertility treatment, maternity care, healthcare, second-parent adoption, equality, donor, discursive psychology, thematic analysis, Lesbisk familj, samkönade föräldrar, regnbågsfamilj, heteronormativitet, homonormativitet, bemötande, mödravård, fertilitetsbehandling, närståendeadoption, jämställdhet, donator, regnbågsbarn, diskursiv psykologi, tematisk analys
National Category
Psychology Sociology Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-117933 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-117933 (DOI)978-91-7519-087-7 (print) (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-05-29, I:101, Hus I, Campus Valla, Linköping, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2008-0449
Available from: 2015-05-18 Created: 2015-05-18 Last updated: 2016-05-04Bibliographically approved

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