Does a magnetic blanket induce changes in muscular blood flow, skin temperature and muscular tension in horses?
2015 (English)In: Equine Veterinary Journal, ISSN 0425-1644, Vol. 47, no 3, 302-307 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Reasons for performing studyStatic magnetic blankets are often claimed to induce increases in blood flow, reduce muscle tension and tenderness, and be beneficial in both prevention and treatment of musculoskeletal injuries in horses. However, there are no studies that confirm alleged beneficial effects of magnets on muscles of the back in healthy horses. ObjectivesTo investigate whether static magnets sewn into a blanket affect back muscle blood flow, skin temperature, mechanical nociceptive threshold (MNT) and behaviour in healthy horses. Study designProspective, randomised, blinded, placebo-controlled crossover study. MethodsThe following outcome measurements of the back of 10 healthy horses were performed; blood flow by photoplethysmography, skin temperature by use of thermistors in conjunction with digital infrared thermography, and MNTs by algometry. The horses behaviour was filmed during the procedure and scored on an ethogram. Measurements were performed repeatedly for a 30min baseline period. Thereafter a blanket with active, static magnets (900 gauss) or placebo magnets was placed on the horse and measurements were performed for a 60min treatment period and a 30min post treatment period. The study procedure was repeated on the consecutive day, when the horse received the alternative treatment. ResultsBlood flow in muscle, skin temperatures, MNTs and behavioural traits did not differ between active and placebo magnetic blankets. Skin temperature increased similarly during both active and placebo blanket treatment. ConclusionsIn healthy horses, magnetic blankets did not induce additional significant effects on muscle blood flow, skin temperature, MNTs and behaviour when compared with nonmagnetic blankets.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley , 2015. Vol. 47, no 3, 302-307 p.
horse; static magnet; photoplethysmography; thermography; algometry; behaviour
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-118036DOI: 10.1111/evj.12291ISI: 000353237800011PubMedID: 24779912OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-118036DiVA: diva2:813080