Hybrid zinc oxide conjugated polymer bulk heterojunction solar cells
2005 (English)In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, ISSN 1520-6106, E-ISSN 1520-5207, Vol. 109, no 19, 9505-9516 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Bulk heterojunction photovoltaic devices based on blends of a conjugated polymer poly [2-methoxy-5-(3,7-dimethyloctyloxy)-1,4-phenylenevinylene] (MDMO-PPV) as electron donor and crystalline ZnO nanoparticles (nc-ZnO) as electron acceptor have been studied. Composite nc-ZnO:MDMO-PPV films were cast from a common solvent mixture. Time-resolved pump-probe spectroscopy revealed that a photoinduced electron transfer from MDMO-PPV to nc-ZnO occurs in these blends on a sub-picosecond time scale and produces a long-lived (milliseconds) charge-separated state. The photovoltaic effect in devices, made by sandwiching the active nc-ZnO:MDMO-PPV layer between charge-selective electrodes, has been studied as a function of the ZnO concentration and the thickness of the layer. We also investigated changing the degree and type of mixing of the two components through the use of a surfactant for ZnO and by altering the size and shape of the nc-ZnO particles. Optimized devices have an estimated AM1.5 performance of 1.6% with incident photon to current conversion efficiencies up to 50%. Photoluminescence spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy have been used to gain insight in the morphology of these blends.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society , 2005. Vol. 109, no 19, 9505-9516 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-118207DOI: 10.1021/jp050745xISI: 000229134000048PubMedID: 16852143OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-118207DiVA: diva2:813346