Changing locations – Central or peripheral moves of seniors’ residential mobility.
2013 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
Increasing shares of elderly in European populations have initiated debates about where and how they will reside. Our main hypothesis is that when moving in this phase of life the most common move would be a move from a suburban location in owner occupation to a more centrally located apartment. This would be in line with the discussion that older people when they retire or the children have moved out want to take part in the culture of city living, such as concerts, theatres and museums in addition to enjoying a more convenient type of housing. This we argue, is the assumed residential pattern during the third age and a possible part of a mobility cycle as described by Rossi (1955). There are qualitative and survey studies pointing to such a residential mobility trend among seniors and increased mobility rates among young seniors have been shown statistically. However, quantitative tests showing a central or suburban destination and type of tenure chosen by the movers are still lacking. The aim of this study was to examine the local geographical mobility and tenure choice of older people. The analysis was made using a register database, Geoswede, comprising the total Swedish population. Moves of the cohorts born in the 1920s, 1930s and the 1940s were followed between 2001 and 2006. Using five distances to the municipal’s population core we concluded that a centralized mobility pattern could be observed among elderly movers in Sweden. The two older cohorts made such moves whereas the majority of the young cohort moved to more peripheral destinations. Also, movers from owner occupation in the cohort born in the 1940s to a larger extent move within owner occupation and make short distance moves. This is further analysed through the use of three case municipalities. Increased knowledge about the mobility rates and residential patterns of the studied cohorts, that constitute two out of nine million people in Sweden, will have an impact on planning issues.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Older people, Elderly, Registered data, Residential mobility, Housing, Sweden
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-118315DOI: 10.1007/s10901-014-9427-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-118315DiVA: diva2:814438
The European Network for Housing Research; Overcoming the crisis, integrating the urban environment. Paper presented in the working group on Housing and living conditions of ageing populationsTarragona, Spain, 19-22 June, 2013
ProjectsPrincipal investigator: Older People in the Swedish Housing Market – Housing Preferences, Choices and Mobility Patterns
FunderSwedish Research Council, 2010-2068