Microstructure of ZnO films synthesized on MgAl2O4 from low-temperature aqueous solution: growth and post-annealing
2013 (English)In: Journal of Materials Science, ISSN 0022-2461, E-ISSN 1573-4803, Vol. 48, no 4, 1614-1622 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The microstructure of ZnO films synthesized from low-temperature (90 degrees C) aqueous solution on (111) MgAl2O4 single crystal substrates was characterized by X-ray diffraction, high-resolution scanning electron microscopy, conventional and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. To examine the thermally activated microstructural evolution of the ZnO, both as-deposited and annealed films were characterized. The ZnO films were confirmed to have a ZnO[10 (1) over bar0](0001)parallel to MgAl2O4(1 (1) over bar1) orientation relationship, with Zn polarity normal to the surface. Despite their highly oriented nature, the ZnO films have a columnar grain structure with low-angle (less than2.5 degrees) grain boundaries. In addition to lattice dislocations forming low-angle grain boundaries, threading dislocations were observed, emanating from the interface with the substrate. In annealed films, thermally generated voids were observed and appeared to preferentially form at grain boundaries and dislocations. Based on these characterization results, mechanisms are proposed for film growth and microstructural evolution. Finally, the diffusion coefficient of vacancies via dislocations at grain boundaries in the produced ZnO films was estimated.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Verlag (Germany) , 2013. Vol. 48, no 4, 1614-1622 p.
Condensed Matter Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-118555DOI: 10.1007/s10853-012-6918-9ISI: 000312906000024OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-118555DiVA: diva2:815507
Funding Agencies|United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation (BSF) ; Russell Berrie Nanotechnology Institute at the Technion; Irwin and Joan Jacobs Fellowship; United States National Science Foundation 2015-06-012015-06-012015-06-10