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Interaktion i vardagslivet hos vuxna med Aspergers syndrom. Implikationer för intervention.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Aspergers syndrom (AS) innebär bland annat en begränsning i social interaktion, vilket resulterar i svårigheter inom flera kommunikativa förmågor. Trots dessa svårigheter finns ett begränsat utbud av kommunikativ intervention för personer med AS idag. Syftet med föreliggande studie var att analysera den vardagliga interaktionen hos vuxna personer med AS för att få fram ett underlag för hur en kommunikativ intervention skulle kunna utformas. Föreliggande studie bestod av en intervjudel och en videodel. I intervjudelen ingick sju deltagare och i videodelen ingick två deltagare. Intervjudelen bestod av semistrukturerade intervjuer, där deltagarnas uppfattning om sin egen och omgivningens kommunikation, medvetna strategier för att underlätta kommunikationen samt erfarenheter och preferenser för intervention undersöktes. Intervjudelen analyserades med metoden innehållsanalys. I videodelen spelades två videofilmer av vardaglig interaktion in. Videofilmerna analyserades med Conversation Analysis (CA) och deltagarnas interaktionella styrkor och svårigheter belystes genom detta.Innehållsanalysen resulterade i tio kategorier som åskådliggör olika aspekter av kommunikation hos personer med AS ur deras eget perspektiv. Majoriteten av deltagarna var intresserade av att medverka i kommunikativ intervention. Vid analys av videofilmerna framkom att reparationer och organisation av samtalsämnen kan utgöra kommunikativa svårigheter. Uppbackningar visade sig utgöra en kommunikativ styrka. Utifrån studiens samtliga fynd föreslår uppsatsförfattarna en varierad intervention där gruppintervention och individuell intervention varvas. Exempel på kommunikativa förmågor som kan tränas är reparation, organisation av samtalsämnen samt uppbackningar. Individens närmaste omgivning bör integreras i interventionen. I interventionen bör även filmning av verkliga situationer ingå, vilka med fördel kan analyseras med CA. Träning av enskilda kommunikativa beteenden kan bland annat genomföras med hjälp av rollspel. Då resultatet av både intervju- och videodelen tyder på stora individuella skillnader är det av stor vikt att individanpassa interventionen.

Abstract [en]

Asperger syndrome (AS) results, among other things, in a deficit in social interaction. This deficit causes difficulties with several communicative abilities. Still, there is a limited range of communicative intervention programs for people with AS. The aims of this study were to analyze the interaction in the daily life of adults with AS, to further be able to construct a foundation for the design of future intervention programs. The study consisted of an interview part and a video part. Seven individuals participated in the interview part and two in the video part. The interview part consisted of semi-structured interviews, where the following aspects were investigated: how the participant experienced her/his own and the surrounding’s communicative abilities, conscious strategies to facilitate the communication, and lastly, experiences of and preferences for intervention. The interview part was analyzed with content analysis. Regarding the video part, two film clips were recorded. The film clips were analyzed with Conversation Analysis (CA), in order to describe the interactional strengths and difficulties of the participants.The content analysis resulted in the identification of ten categories, which highlight different aspects of communication in individuals with AS from their own perspective. The majority of the participants showed an interest in participating in communicative. The analysis of the film clips indicated that repair and organization of topics may be problematic areas in the communication of individuals with AS. Continuers proved to be a communicative strength. Considering all of the results in this study, the authors suggest a varied intervention, where group and individual intervention are combined. Examples of communicative abilities that can be practiced are repair, organization of topics and continuers. People close to the individual with AS should be integrated in the intervention. Video recordings of real life situations should be part of the intervention and may advantageously be analyzed with CA. The practice of specific communicative behaviors can be carried out using role-playing. Since the result of both the interview and the video part suggest great individual differences, it is of great importance that the intervention is based on individual abilities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 60 p.
Keyword [en]
Asperger syndrome, communicative intervention, Content Analysis, Conversation Analysis, interview study, communication, interaction
Keyword [sv]
Aspergers syndrom, kommunikativ intervention, innehållsanalys, Conversation Analysis, intervjustudie, vardagsliv, kommunikation, interaktion
National Category
Other Medical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-118763OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-118763DiVA: diva2:816660
Subject / course
Master (one year thesis)/Speech and Language Pathology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-03 Created: 2015-06-03 Last updated: 2015-06-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
  • rtf