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Normative values for the oro-facial Esthetic Scale in Sweden
Department of Orofacial Pain and Jawfunction, Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health and Department of Diagnostic and Biological Sciences, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA.
Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health and Department of Diagnostic and Biological Sciences, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA.
2014 (English)In: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, ISSN 0305-182X, E-ISSN 1365-2842, Vol. 41, no 2, 148-154 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study reports the findings and challenges of the assessment of oro-facial aesthetics in the Swedish general population and the development of normative values for the self-reporting Orofacial Esthetic Scale (OES). In a Swedish national sample of 1406 adult subjects (response rate: 47%), OES decile norms were established. The influence of sociodemographics (gender, age, and education), oral health status and general health status on OES scores was analysed. Mean +/- standard deviation of OES scores was 503 +/- 156 units (0, worst score; 70, best score); less than1% of the subjects had the minimum score of 0, and 11% had the maximum score of 70 OES units. Orofacial Esthetic Scale score differences were (i) substantial (greater than5 OES units) for subjects with excellent/very good versus good to poor oral or general health status; ii) small (2 units), but statistically significant for gender (P=0.01) and two age groups (P=0.02), and (iii) absent for subjects with college versus no college education (P=0.31) or with and without dentures (P=0.90). To estimate normative values for a self-reporting health status, instrument is considered an important step in standardisation, and the developed norms provide a frame of reference in the general population to interpret the Orofacial Esthetic Scale scores.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley: 12 months , 2014. Vol. 41, no 2, 148-154 p.
Keyword [en]
oro-facial aesthetics; oral health; norms; normative values; appearance; aesthetics
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-119190DOI: 10.1111/joor.12121ISI: 000329945800010PubMedID: 24372184OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-119190DiVA: diva2:820390
Note

Funding Agencies|Research Council of Public Dental Services in Ostergotland County; Faculty of Odontology, Malmo University; Forskningsradet i Sydostra Sverige (FORSS), Sweden

Available from: 2015-06-12 Created: 2015-06-11 Last updated: 2015-07-01

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