Normative values for the oro-facial Esthetic Scale in Sweden
2014 (English)In: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, ISSN 0305-182X, E-ISSN 1365-2842, Vol. 41, no 2, 148-154 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study reports the findings and challenges of the assessment of oro-facial aesthetics in the Swedish general population and the development of normative values for the self-reporting Orofacial Esthetic Scale (OES). In a Swedish national sample of 1406 adult subjects (response rate: 47%), OES decile norms were established. The influence of sociodemographics (gender, age, and education), oral health status and general health status on OES scores was analysed. Mean +/- standard deviation of OES scores was 503 +/- 156 units (0, worst score; 70, best score); less than1% of the subjects had the minimum score of 0, and 11% had the maximum score of 70 OES units. Orofacial Esthetic Scale score differences were (i) substantial (greater than5 OES units) for subjects with excellent/very good versus good to poor oral or general health status; ii) small (2 units), but statistically significant for gender (P=0.01) and two age groups (P=0.02), and (iii) absent for subjects with college versus no college education (P=0.31) or with and without dentures (P=0.90). To estimate normative values for a self-reporting health status, instrument is considered an important step in standardisation, and the developed norms provide a frame of reference in the general population to interpret the Orofacial Esthetic Scale scores.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley: 12 months , 2014. Vol. 41, no 2, 148-154 p.
oro-facial aesthetics; oral health; norms; normative values; appearance; aesthetics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-119190DOI: 10.1111/joor.12121ISI: 000329945800010PubMedID: 24372184OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-119190DiVA: diva2:820390
Funding Agencies|Research Council of Public Dental Services in Ostergotland County; Faculty of Odontology, Malmo University; Forskningsradet i Sydostra Sverige (FORSS), Sweden2015-06-122015-06-112015-07-01