Work-site wellness programmes in Sweden: a cross-sectional study of physical activity, self-efficacy, and health
2015 (English)In: Public Health, ISSN 0033-3506, E-ISSN 1476-5616, Vol. 129, no 5, 525-530 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In Sweden, a work-site wellness programme implies reimbursing some of the expenses for health-promoting activities. Although work-site wellness programmes are readily available in Sweden, a large number of employees elect not to participate. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the association of physical activity, self-reported general health assessment and self-efficacy with participation in a work-site wellness programme. Study design: A cross-sectional study design was used. Methods: An online questionnaire was distributed to employees of a manufacturing company with 2500 employees in southwest Sweden. Results: Those who took advantage of the work-site wellness programme assessed their general health as better and had higher assessment of physical activity. The study showed that being enlisted also implies a higher level of physical activity and general health; however, the effect sizes of these correlations were small. Self-efficacy, i.e. perceived behavioural control, was not associated with participation in the work-site wellness programme. However, self-efficacy was correlated with both general health assessment and physical activity. A regression analysis to determine explanatory contributions to the general health assessment score showed no significant contribution from participation in a work-site wellness programme, but was instead explained by perceived behavioural control and physical activity. Conclusions: Given the small effect size of the difference in physical activity between participators and non-participators in the work-site wellness programme, it is probable that only a small proportion of participators changed their health-promoting activities as a result of the work-site wellness programme. (C) 2015 The Royal Society for Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WB Saunders , 2015. Vol. 129, no 5, 525-530 p.
Theory of planned behaviour; Self-efficacy; Perceived behavioural control; Physical activity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-119594DOI: 10.1016/j.puhe.2015.01.023ISI: 000355146400015PubMedID: 25749670OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-119594DiVA: diva2:824845
Funding Agencies|University of Skovde2015-06-222015-06-222016-04-24