The epidemiology of groin injury in senior football: a systematic review of prospective studies
2015 (English)In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 0306-3674, E-ISSN 1473-0480, Vol. 49, no 12Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Background Groin injuries are troublesome in mens and womens football. Aim To review the literature on the epidemiology of groin injury in senior football and compare injury occurrence between sexes. Methods Studies were identified through a search of PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL and Web of Science, in the reference lists of the selected articles and the authors bibliographies. The number of injuries, percentage of groin injury from all injuries and rate of groin injury per 1000 h were extracted. Exposure and injury data were aggregated across included studies and the absolute differences in groin injury proportion and rate of groin injury were compared between sexes. Risk of bias was assessed using a 5-item checklist. Results 34 articles met the study criteria and were included. The proportion of groin injury in club-seasonal football was 4-19% in men and 2-14% in women. Aggregated data analysis (29 studies) showed a higher relative proportion of groin injury in men than in women (12.8% vs 6.9%, absolute difference 5.9%, 95% CI 4.6% to 7.1%). The rate of groin injury varied from 0.2 to 2.1/1000 h in men and 0.1 to 0.6/1000 h in womens club football, and aggregated analysis (23 studies) showed a more than two-fold higher rate in men (0.83/1000 h vs 0.35/1000 h, rate ratio 2.4, 95% CI 2.0 to 2.9). High risk of bias was identified for participant selection (18 studies), exposure (17 studies) and precision estimate (16 studies). Conclusions Groin injuries are frequent in senior football and are more common in men than women. Future research needs to be of higher quality.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group , 2015. Vol. 49, no 12
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-119791DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2015-094705ISI: 000355552000009PubMedID: 25833901OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-119791DiVA: diva2:827269
Funding Agencies|Union of European Football Associations; Swedish Football Association; Football Association Premier League Limited; Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports2015-06-262015-06-262016-04-11