Evaluating sexual dimorphism in the human mastoid process: A viewpoint on the methodology
2015 (English)In: Clinical anatomy (New York, N.Y. Print), ISSN 0897-3806, E-ISSN 1098-2353, Vol. 28, no 5, 593-601 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The mastoid process is one of the most sexually dimorphic features in the human skull, and is therefore often used to identify the sex of skeletons. Numerous techniques for assessing variation in the size and shape of the mastoid process have been proposed and implemented in osteological research, but its complex form still presents difficulties for consistent and effective analysis. In this article, we compare the different techniques and variables that have been used to define, measure, and visually score sexual dimorphism in the mastoid process. We argue that the current protocols fail to capture the full morphological range of this bony projection, and suggest ways of improving and standardizing them, regarding both traditional and 3D-based approaches. Clin. Anat. 28:593-601, 2015. (c) 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley: 12 months , 2015. Vol. 28, no 5, 593-601 p.
forensic anthropology; mastoid process; osteology; sexual dimorphism; standardization
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-120210DOI: 10.1002/ca.22545ISI: 000356806400009PubMedID: 25865024OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-120210DiVA: diva2:842696