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The default mode network as a biomarker for monitoring the therapeutic effects of meditation
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Radiological Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV).
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Radiological Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2167-2450
2015 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 6, no 776Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The default mode network (DMN) is a group of anatomically separate regions in the brain found to have synchronized patterns of activation in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Mentation associated with the DMN includes processes such as mind wandering, autobiographical memory, self-reflective thought, envisioning the future, and considering the perspective of others. Abnormalities in the DMN have been linked to symptom severity in a variety of mental disorders indicating that the DMN could be used as a biomarker for diagnosis. These correlations have also led to the use of DMN modulation as a biomarker for assessing pharmacological treatments. Concurrent research investigating the neural correlates of meditation, have associated DMN modulation with practice. Furthermore, meditative practice is increasingly understood to have a beneficial role in the treatment of mental disorders. Therefore we propose the use of DMN measures as a biomarker for monitoring the therapeutic effects of meditation practices in mental disorders. Recent findings support this perspective, and indicate the utility of DMN monitoring in understanding and developing meditative treatments for these debilitating conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers , 2015. Vol. 6, no 776
Keyword [en]
meditation; neuroimaging; default mode network; therapy; mindfulness; functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI); biomarker; DMN modulation
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-120283DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00776ISI: 000356672000001PubMedID: 26106351OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-120283DiVA: diva2:843016
Available from: 2015-07-24 Created: 2015-07-24 Last updated: 2015-07-24

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Simon, RozalynEngström, Maria
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Division of Radiological SciencesFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesCenter for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV)
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