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A Case of Contested Cremains Analyzed Through Metric and Chemical Comparison
Calif State University of Chico, CA 95929 USA.
Smithsonian Institute, DC 20560 USA.
Calif State University of Chico, CA 95929 USA.
University of Florida, FL 32611 USA.
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2015 (English)In: Journal of Forensic Sciences, ISSN 0022-1198, E-ISSN 1556-4029, Vol. 60, no 4, 1068-1073 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Since the 1980s, cremation has become the fastest growing area of the U.S. funeral industry. At the same time, the number of litigations against funeral homes and cremation facilities has increased. Forensic anthropologists are often asked to determine whether the contents of an urn are actually cremated bone, and to address questions regarding the identity of the remains. This study uses both metric and chemical analyses for resolving a case of contested cremains. A cremains weight of 2021.8 g was predicted based on the decedents reported stature and weight. However, the urn contents weighed 4173.5 g. The urn contents also contained material inconsistent with cremains (e.g., moist sediment, stones, ferrous metal). Analysis using XRD and SEM demonstrated that the urn contained thermally altered bone as well as inorganic material consistent with glass fiber cement. Although forensically challenging, cremains cases such as this one can be resolved using a multidisciplinary approach.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ASTM International / Wiley , 2015. Vol. 60, no 4, 1068-1073 p.
Keyword [en]
forensic science; forensic anthropology; cremains; burned bone; X-ray diffraction; scanning electron microscopy
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-120880DOI: 10.1111/1556-4029.12734ISI: 000359262900032PubMedID: 25754694OAI: diva2:849387
Available from: 2015-08-28 Created: 2015-08-28 Last updated: 2015-08-28

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Wärmländer, Sebastian
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Commercial and Business LawFaculty of Arts and Sciences
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