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Cost-effectiveness of mass screening for untreated atrial fibrillation using intermittent ECG recording
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Health Care Analysis. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Danderyd Hospital, Sweden.
Danderyd Hospital, Sweden.
Halland Hospital, Sweden.
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2015 (English)In: Europace, ISSN 1099-5129, E-ISSN 1532-2092, Vol. 17, no 7, 1023-1029 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims The aim of this study was to estimate the cost-effectiveness of 2 weeks of intermittent screening for asymptomatic atrial fibrillation (AF) in 75/76-year-old individuals. Methods and results The cost-effectiveness analysis of screening in 75-year-old individuals was based on a lifelong decision analytic Markov model. In this model, 1000 hypothetical individuals, who matched the population of the STROKESTOP study, were simulated. The population was analysed for different parameters such as prevalence, AF status, treatment with oral anticoagulation, stroke risk, utility, and costs. In the base-case scenario, screening of 1000 individuals resulted in 263 fewer patient-years with undetected AF. This implies eight fewer strokes, 11 more life-years, and 12 more quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) per 1000 screened individuals. The screening implies an incremental cost of (sic)50 012, resulting in a cost of (sic)4313 per gained QALY and (sic)6583 per avoided stroke. Conclusions With the use of a decision analytic simulation model, it has been shown that screening for asymptomatic AF in 75/76-year-old individuals is cost-effective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy B - Oxford Open Option B - CC-BY , 2015. Vol. 17, no 7, 1023-1029 p.
Keyword [en]
Atrial fibrillation; Screening; Hand-held ECG; Quality-adjusted life year ( QALY); Cost-effectiveness
National Category
Clinical Medicine
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-120879DOI: 10.1093/europace/euv083ISI: 000359153000006PubMedID: 25868469OAI: diva2:849388

Funding Agencies|Swedish Heart and Lung Foundation; Board of Benevolence of the Swedish Order of Freemasons; Tornspiran

Available from: 2015-08-28 Created: 2015-08-28 Last updated: 2015-08-28

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Aronsson, MattiasLevin, Lars-Åke
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