An empirical evaluation of sustainable operations practices and performance in the Swedish manufacturing industry
2015 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
This study explored whether there are patterns linking sustainability practices and performance in the Swedish manufacturing industry. Meanwhile, the relationships between sustainability improvement practices and companies’ triple bottom line performance were investigated using survey data from Swedish manufacturing companies. Treating each sustainability practice and performance indicator as an individual item, factor analysis and cluster analysis were conducted to explore the potential patterns and relationships. The results indicated that the triple bottom line provides a valid outline for representing companies’ sustainability practices in the Swedish manufacturing industry. In terms of sustainability performance, the results showed that economic performance was often treated as a separate category in practice, whereas environmental sustainability and social sustainability were often combined. Process and product technology level was positively correlated with environmental performance and innovation performance. Economic, social, and environmental practices had positive correlations with performance in the respective area. Even though not all social and environmental practices directly improved companies’ economic performance, some social and environmental practices, such as education, individual development, and environmental health improvement, had an indirect effect and, thus, are deserving of specific attention. These selected practices often had a positive impact on product and process innovation, which could further improve companies’ economic performance.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sustainability, operations strategies, operations performance, survey
Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121050OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-121050DiVA: diva2:851132