Serious life events across childhood and mental health problems in early adolescence: The moderating role of family climate. Results from the ABIS population-based longitudinal study
2015 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
This study aims to investigate the association between experiences of serious life events assessed by checklists longitudinally across childhood (at age 5-6, age 8, and age 12-14 years) and level of mental health problems in early adolescence (at age 12-14), and the mediating role of family climate factors across childhood. Questionnaire data from the All Babies In Southeast Sweden (ABIS) population based cohort-study were used (n=1132). The association were best modelled with a sequential cumulative approach; that means that the number of time-periods at least one serious life event was experienced were linearly related to the level of mental health problems (SDQ-score) after controlling for age, sex/gender, parental educational level, immigrant status and fuzzy/difficult temperament at age 2-3 (b=0.58 [95% CI 0.28, 0.87], p<0.001). Parenting stress and the parents size and satisfaction of social support were found as moderating factors, where the association between serious life events and mental health problems only were found in the subgroups of families where the parent perceive chronically high levels of parenting stress (high at 3-4 times of 4 possible; n=163, b=1.28 [0.55, 2.01], p=0.001), have a small social network (n=108, p=1.75 [0.86, 2.64], p<0.001), and are dissatisfied with their social support (n=95, p=1.22 [0.36, 2.09], p=0.006). An absence of parenting stress across childhood and adequate social support for the parents are suggested as resilient factors. To avoid negative consequences for child mental health after experiences of stressful life events, parents should get adequate support in child health services.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Endocrinology and Diabetes Pediatrics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121065OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-121065DiVA: diva2:851340