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A first online intervention to increase patients perceived ability to act in situations of abuse in health care: reports of a Swedish pre-post study
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Clinical Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Clinical Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Linnaeus University, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Clinical Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Center of Paediatrics and Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics in Linköping.
2015 (English)In: BMC Medical Ethics, ISSN 1472-6939, E-ISSN 1472-6939, Vol. 16, no 35Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Efforts to counteract abuse in health care, defined as patient-experienced abuse, have mainly focused on interventions among caregivers. This study is the first to test an online intervention focusing on how patients can counteract such abuse. The intervention aimed at increasing patients intention and perceived ability to act in future situations where they risk experiencing abuse. Methods: Participants were recruited through a nephrology clinic in Sweden. The intervention consisted of an online program that aimed to stimulate patients to think of possible actions in situations in which they risk experiencing abuse. The program comprised stories and exercises in text and comic form. The participants filled out a questionnaire immediately before and after going through the program, as well as during follow-up four to eight weeks later. Results: Forty-eight patients (39 %) participated in the study and spent, on average, 41 min responding to questions and going through the program. Both men and women, of various ages and educational backgrounds, participated. An increase in participants self-reported ability to identify opportunities to act in a given situation was seen immediately afterwards, as well as during follow up. Conclusion: The current study suggests that it is feasible and most likely useful to a variety of patients to work with the provided material that has the aim of counteracting abuse in health care. It would be of interest to further develop ways of using comics and to test similar interventions in other health care settings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central , 2015. Vol. 16, no 35
Keyword [en]
Abuse in health care; Patient intervention; Online intervention; Patient empowerment; Comics
National Category
Other Social Sciences Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121147DOI: 10.1186/s12910-015-0027-7ISI: 000359415300001PubMedID: 26003674OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-121147DiVA: diva2:852255
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council [2011-2478]

Available from: 2015-09-08 Created: 2015-09-08 Last updated: 2017-12-04

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Brüggemann, JelmerSwahnberg, KatarinaWijma, Barbro

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Brüggemann, JelmerSwahnberg, KatarinaWijma, Barbro
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Division of Clinical SciencesFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Gynaecology and Obstetrics in Linköping
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BMC Medical Ethics
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