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Temperature sensitivity of organic carbon mineralization in contrasting lake sediments
Uppsala University, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Sweden.
Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Uppsala University, Sweden.
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2015 (English)In: Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, ISSN 2169-8953, E-ISSN 2169-8961, Vol. 120, no 7, 1215-1225 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Temperature alone explains a great amount of variation in sediment organic carbon (OC) mineralization. Studies on decomposition of soil OC suggest that (1) temperature sensitivity differs between the fast and slowly decomposition OC and (2) over time, decreasing soil respiration is coupled with increase in temperature sensitivity. In lakes, autochthonous and allochthonous OC sources are generally regarded as fast and slowly decomposing OC, respectively. Lake sediments with different contributions of allochthonous and autochthonous components, however, showed similar temperature sensitivity in short-term incubation experiments. Whether the mineralization of OC in lake sediments dominated by allochthonous or autochthonous OC has different temperature sensitivity in the longer term has not been addressed. We incubated sediments from two boreal lakes that had contrasting OC origin (allochthonous versus autochthonous), and OC characteristics (C/N ratios of 21 and 10) at 1, 3, 5, 8, 13, and 21 degrees C for five months. Compared to soil and litter mineralization, sediment OC mineralization rates were low in spite of low apparent activation energy (E-a). The fraction of the total OC pool that was lost during five months varied between 0.4 and 14.8%. We estimate that the sediment OC pool not becoming long-term preserved was degraded with average apparent turnover times between 3 and 32years. While OC mineralization was strongly dependent on temperature as well as on OC composition and origin, temperature sensitivity was similar across lakes and over time. We suggest that the temperature sensitivity of OC mineralization in lake sediments is similar across systems within the relevant seasonal scales of OC supply and degradation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Geophysical Union (AGU) , 2015. Vol. 120, no 7, 1215-1225 p.
Keyword [en]
lake sediment; mineralization; organic carbon; temperature sensitivity; turnover time
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121324DOI: 10.1002/2015JG002928ISI: 000359868200003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-121324DiVA: diva2:853668
Note

Funding Agencies|FORMAS (the Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning); Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation; Malmens Foundation; FORMAS

Available from: 2015-09-14 Created: 2015-09-14 Last updated: 2017-12-04

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Bastviken, David

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